A study carried out with patients infected by the new coronavirus and admitted to one of the largest healthcare networks in New York (United States) revealed that more than a third developed acute kidney injury. The disease occurs when the kidneys can no longer filter waste from the blood.
In research done by a team from the Northwell Health network and published in the journal Kidney International this Thursday (14), the medical records of 5,449 patients hospitalized at the health provider between March 1 and April 5 were analyzed. Of the total, 36.6% had nephrological damage, with 15% needing dialysis.
According to the head of nephrology at Hofstra University/Northwell, Kenar Jhaveri, co-author of the study, renal failure was developed at the beginning of the manifestation of symptoms of covid-19. Of the patients who presented the condition, 37.7% already arrived at the hospital with the condition or developed it within the first 24 hours of hospitalization.
The research also showed that there is a strong association between those infected with Sars-CoV-2 who needed mechanical ventilation and the onset of acute kidney damage. Of the more than 1,000 patients who used the equipment, 90% had kidney failure, while among the 925 who did not require this care, 21.7% had the problem.
Common picture among critically ill patients
The appearance of kidney damage is relatively common in critically ill patients with general illness, according to Jhaveri. “It’s not specific to covid-19. It’s more related to how sick you are,” the doctor told Reuters.
Despite this, the study, which is the largest to date on kidney failure in patients with covid-19, may help hospitals better organize themselves for future outbreaks of coronaviruses. Kidney problems are one more of the detected effects of the disease; damage to the lungs, intestines and other organs has been reported.