The recent discovery of a possible sign of life on Venus, announced by British, American and Japanese researchers, last Monday (14), has already started to arouse interest in relation to the planet. One of the countries that could resume sending missions there soon is Russia.
During an event in Moscow on Tuesday (15), the head of the Russian space agency Dmitry Rogozin called Venus a “Russian planet”, referring to the missions launched by the then Soviet Union (USSR) in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980, with the aim of exploring our space neighbor.
The leader of Roscosmos also revealed that the institution has plans to return to the planet, including launching an independent mission, without the participation of any other country. “Scientists are analyzing the feasibility of an exclusively Russian mission,” said Rogozin, who has not yet ruled out the reactivation of the Venera D project, an old partnership with the United States.
Although excited about this possible trip, he remained skeptical about the announcement of the discovery of phosphine in Venusian clouds, which suggests the existence of life in the atmosphere: “The Russian spacecraft collected information about the planet and it’s hell there,” he said. Rogozin.
Quests to Venus
In the early 1960s, the USSR pioneered a mission to Venus. There were several releases until 1984, some of them with failures and some of them successful.
The Venera 4 and Venera 7 missions were the first to land on the planet, in 1967 and 1970, respectively. The latter was marked by the successful landing and sending data to Earth for just over 20 minutes, until it could no longer withstand the hostile climate of the place and stopped working.
NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japanese Space Agency (JAXA) have also ventured there, but without the same emphasis as the Soviets.